In rural China, many people rely on village clinics for first-line healthcare. However, these clinics have a high rate of misdiagnosis. Children and the elderly are most vulnerable to the consequences of misdiagnosis at the village clinic level.

The Center for Economics in Education (CEEE) at Shaanxi Normal University is engaged testing and promoting easy-to-use, standardized diagnosis checklists for rural doctors to improve the quality of their services. Based on guidance from international and national standards, CEEE is developing a toolkit that uses standardized patient models to assess rural healthcare quality and design training for village doctors.